Bee Types Range
Away from 2009 so you can 2018, 192 bee species (Hymenoptera: Apoidea: Anthophila) had been stuck in the Calanques National Playground thru both net and you can dish pitfall selections. It belonged to half a dozen families and you may 38 genera. Megachilidae are many variety-steeped family members, followed closely by Apidae and Halictidae, having 53, forty-two, and you may 43 variety, correspondingly. Andrena Fabricius, 1775 are the fresh wealthiest genus, with 33 types, while 7 genera have been illustrated from the only one species (Stelis Panzer, 1806; Protosmia Ducke, 1900; Pseudoanthidium Friese, 1898; Coelioxys Latreille, 1809; Chelostoma Latreille, 1809; Anthidiellum Cockerell, 1904; Amegilla Friese, 1897; Panurgus Panzer, 1806; Supp Desk step 1 [online simply] ). By using the jackknife 1 and you will dos indexes, the bee variety fullness is estimated to be between ± 9.89 and you can ± . The noticed fullness for this reason portrayed 71.step 3 so you can 79.6% of the estimated bee richness ( Dining table 2). New Chao1 approach estimated the observed richness are 76.8% of one’s possible maximum richness ( Desk dos). The quintessential plentiful kinds are Apis mellifera L. (276 some one), followed closely by Rhodanthidium septemdentatum (Latreille, 1809), Rh. sticticum (Fabricius, 1787) (174 and you can 168 people, respectively), and Lasioglossum transitorium (Shenck, 1868) (113 individuals). In the long run, fifty variety (26%) was basically depicted from the singular personal (singletons).
Ecological Characteristics out of Bees
About your environment characteristics from nesting preferences, we identified 59 solitary bee types nesting more than ground, ninety five unmarried bee types nesting below ground and you will 23 cleptoparasitic variety, corresponding to 29.eight, 47.9, and you can twelve.0% of your own full bee variety richness, correspondingly. We understood four social varieties (bumble bees and you will honey bees-2.1%). In the long run, the fresh nesting tastes regarding fourteen varieties are unfamiliar (7.3%- Supp Desk 1 [on the internet just] ). Regarding the floral eating plan away from bee varieties, i learned that 105 species (54.7%) foraged to the a variety of bush species (we.age., generalist species, polylectic) and 51 types (twenty six.5%) foraged on one bush nearest and dearest otherwise you to/pair bush variety (we.age., specialist variety, oligolectic). For the kept thirty-six bee species (18.8%), the fresh flowery eating plan wasn’t identified (age.grams., to own cleptoparasitic kinds). However, very generalist kinds displayed a choice for example or several bush group ( Supp Desk step one [on the internet just] ). Into 49 singletons, fourteen bee variety (28%) was indeed specialists, and you can 9 bee types (18%) was in fact cleptoparasitic ( Supp Desk step one [on the web just] ).
An enthusiastic IUCN condition is actually available for 178 varieties (excluding the fresh varieties complexes and you may unknown species). Among those, 47 variety was basically classified just like the studies lacking (DD-26.4%), 124 variety was in fact least alarmed (LC-69.6%), half dozen varieties was in fact close endangered (NT-3.4%; Andrena ovatula (Kirby, 1802), Colletes albomaculatus (Lucas, 1849), Dasypoda argentata Panzer, 1809, Halictus quadricinctus (Fabricius, 1776), Lasioglossum prasinum (Smith, 1848), and you may L. pygmaeum (Schenck, 1853)), plus one species is noticed threatened (EN-0.6%; L. soror (Saunders, 1901)- Supp Desk step 1 [online simply] ). Three oligolectic types was indeed among the many eight endangered bee variety. A good. ovatula and C. albomaculatus try pros towards the Fabaceae, D. argentata was a specialist on the Caprifoliaceae.
Of 2009 so you can 2018, 38 species of hover flies (Diptera: Syrphidae) have been stuck inside the Calanques Federal Playground. It belonged to twenty four genera ( Supp Dining table dos [online simply] ). One particular numerous genera have been Paragus Latreille, 1804 (33 somebody), Meliscaeva Frey, 1946 (fourteen people), and Sphaerophoria Lepeletier de- Saint-Fargeau Audinet-Serville when you look at the Latreille, 1828 (13 people), while 20 types (53%) had been depicted from the singular personal ( Supp Dining table dos [on line just] ). This new bee flies (Diptera: Bombyliidae) had been portrayed by 20 kinds, in addition to four singletons (25%) ( Supp Desk 3 [on the web just] ). The fresh quote out of overall kinds richness regarding hover flies and you may bee flies are between 83 and you will 97 kinds utilizing the jackknife step one and you may dos spiders, respectively. Thus, this new observed fullness represented 59.8–69.9% of your projected hover travel and you can bee travel fullness ( Dining table dos).